Yes, there are several risk factors which make the onset of glaucoma more likely and they tend to the cumulative in their effect.
POAG becomes much more common with increasing age. It is uncommon below the age of 40, but the number of people with conditions rises from about 2 per cent of people over the age of 40 and doubles for those over age of 80.
People of African-Caribbean origin have about a four times increased risk of POAG when compared with those of a European origin. The condition also tends to come on at an earlier age and be more severe. Regular testing is therefore vital if visual impairment is to be avoided. People of Asian origin are at an increased risk of developing primary angle closure glaucoma.
There is at least a four times increased risk of developing glaucoma if you have a close blood relative with the condition ( father, mother, brother, sister, or child). Eye examinations are founded by NHS for such people from the age of 40 years, but an earlier test is recommended, especially if you have glaucoma, don’t forget to tell your relatives about the condition and the need for them to be tested. More information can be founded in the IGA leaflet titled ‘Glaucoma and your relatives’.
People with severe myopia (very short sight) are known to be at increased risk of developing glaucoma, and should ensure that they are regularly tested for glaucoma.
Long sighted people are known to be increased at risk of developing angle closure.
People with diabetes may be at increased risk of developing glaucoma, although it is not known whether there is a direct link between the two conditions. However, all people with diabetes eye diseases and glaucoma tests can usually be requested at the same time.
Posted in: Glaucoma
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