Wet and dry AMD are treated differently.
There is currently no treatment for dry AMD. A patient should receive an opthalmic assessment within three months. Advice on living with the condition is essential, including what to do if your AMD reaches a stage where you struggle with daily tasks.
If wet AMD is caught early it can be treated with injections of a drug into the eye. This drug inhibits the growth of new blood vessels and can stabilize vision. A patient with suspected wet AMD should be seen at a retinal clinic within a week if possible. More than three weeks is too long. Rapid diagnosis is critical.
Around 10% of wet AMD patients do not respond to drug treatment and may be offered Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) instead. An injection is given into a vein over a 20 minute period. A cold laser beam is then directed onto the problem area of the macula to seal leaking vessels. Research continues into new drugs and therapies including stem cell transplant techniques.
Anyone with more advanced wet, dry or both forms of AMD could benefit from the following :
- Referral to a low vision clinic for equipment and advice to help cope with loss of central vision;
- Referral to an adult social care sensory impairment team for practical advice and assistance with daily living skills;
- Guidance on nutrition and lifestyle adaptations;
- Contact with support organizations such as the Macular Disease Society and societies for the visually impaired;
- Signposting to ‘Access to Work‘ and employment schemes for those still working.
Posted in: Macular Degeneration
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